Saturday, August 30, 2014

Medal - Indian Peace Medal, King George II, United States of America, 1757

Treaty of Easton, Indian Peace Medal, issued by King George II, United States of America, 1757. Engraved by Edward Duffin, Philadelphia. This medal was the first peace medal made in America. It was commissioned and presented by the Friendly Association, a group of Pennsylvania Quakers that attempted to mediate negotiations between Delaware Indians and the Pennsylvania Assembly. Benjamin Franklin and members of the Friendly Association distributed these medals to Native Americans as tokens of goodwill at the Treaty of Easton in 1757. This example was prepared at the Philadelphia Mint from the original, but badly broken, dies in the late 1870s.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV)
Dimensions:46 mm (Diameter)

Primary Classification:MEDALS
Secondary Classification:Civil
Tertiary Classification:peace
DateEra:1757 AD
Obverse Description:A draped and laureate bust of the King facing left; around, GEORGIVS II DEI GRATIA.
Reverse Description:Two figures seated at left and right of a camp fire, a white man wearing hat on the right presents a calumet of peace (Peace Pipe) which the American Indian on the left is reaching for; above the Indian the sun watches; behind the white man, a tree; around, LET US LOOK TO THE MOST HIGH WHO BLESSED OUR FATHERS WITH PEACE; below scene, 1757.
Edge Description:The edge is plain
Issued By:United States of America, 1757
Person Depicted:King George II, 1757
Artist:Edward Duffield, Philadelphia, United States of America, 1757
Mint:Philadelphia (Mint), Philadelphia, United States of America, circa 1870s
  1. [Book], James Snowden, The Medallic Memorials of Washington in the Mint of the United States, Philadelphia, 1861, 104 Pages
Copy and images from Museum Victoria.

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