Sunday, June 19, 2011

Marches of Lord Cornwallis in the Southern Provinces

London, 1787 Map on paper from Tarleton, Lieutenant General (Banastre), History of the Campaigns of 1780 and 1781 in the Southern Provinces of North America Dublin for Colles, 1787 Published in 1787, General Tarleton “intended only to enter into details of occurrences which took place in the Southern Provinces.” This map was placed facing page one. The marches followed by Tarleton clearly illustrate early South Carolina transportation routes. Developed by Indian Traders, the roads and paths followed the major rivers: Santee, Congaree, Saluda, Wateree and Pee Dee. Ferries abounded along the waterways. Individually controlled, but regulated by laws and licenses, ferries were essential for travel and trade; a fact underscored by the many roads that retain “ferry” in their names, such as Columbia’s “Garner’s Ferry Road.”

References

The Marches of the Army under Lord Cornwallis are coloured Red.

Those of the Guarde under Brigadier General O'Hara are coloured Blue.

Those of the British Legion under Lt. Colonel Tarleton are coloured Yellow.


Images from South Carolina Digital Library.

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